Europe

The death penalty was completely abolished throughout the Council of Europe in 2003 by Protocol No. 13 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, concerning the abolition of the death penalty in all circumstances which makes abolition of the death penalty a condition of entry. Protocol No. 13 abolishes the death penalty under all circumstances - even in times of war. Protocol No. 13 came into force on 1 July 2003. This Protocol extended the prior Protocol No. 6 to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms concerning the Abolition of the Death Penalty which abolished the death penalty in signatory states which were not in a state of war.

The European Court of Human Rights, in its decision of 12 March 2003 in the Öçalan v Turkey at [195], concluded that "the territories encompassed by the member States of the Council of Europe have become a zone free of capital punishment".

The European Union has also made it a precondition for entering states to abolish the death penalty. Read more…