Mr Turnbull has previously said the data could be used to identify people at airports but also other public venues such as sporting venues and shopping centres.
The state-held data is already available to federal authorities, Justice Minister Michael Keenan said, but can take between 7-10 days to process.
Civil liberties groups said it was a “sad day” for Australia, while privacy advocates warned that it was “inevitable” the data compiled nationally for the first time would eventually be used for purposes besides counter-terrorism.
“This is a sad day when the leaders of our country say that civil liberties are not as important as they were previously, and that freedoms are to be subordinated to national security,” Stephen Blanks, President of the New South Wales Council for Civil Liberties, told The New Daily.
Australian Privacy Foundation chair David Vaile told The New Daily that there would eventually be “scope creep”.
Source: The New Daily